Al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaykh Muhyiddin Abu Muhammad Abdul-Qadir al-Jilani (d. 561/1166)
The Qadiri Boutchichi tariqa draws its name from the noble linage of Shaykh Abdul-Qadir al-Jilani, and for many centuries the Boutchichi family practiced the dhikr of their grandfather’s order, until Sidi Hajj al-Abbas’ search for a living spiritual master led him to submit to the tutelage of Sidi Boumedienne.
Born in al-Jil in what is today Iran, Shaykh Abdul Qadir left his home at the age of eighteen to seek sacred knowledge in Baghdad, at that time the centre of learning, culture and government in the Islamic world. His spiritual rank had been apparent long before his departure, but it was in Baghdad that the Shaykh would meet his spiritual guide, Abu’l-Khair Hammaad ad-Dabbaas. While continuing his mastery of the outward sciences, Shakh Abdul Qadir attained the highest stations of the inward, guiding thousands upon thousands in the Baghdad to the path of Allah, and founding the Qadiri Order. He spent much of his life in seclusion, wandering the deserts of Iraq in solitude and reflection. It was not until he reached fifty years of age that he settled in Baghdad where he died at the age of 91.